Promises are the uniquely human way of ordering the future, making it predictable and reliable to the extent that this is humanly possible.
There is all the difference in the world between the criminal’s avoiding the public eye and the civil disobedience’s taking the law into his own hands in open defiance. This distinction between an open violation of the law, performed in public, and a clandestine one is so glaringly obvious that it can be neglected only by prejudice or ill will.
The human condition is such that pain and effort are not just symptoms which can be removed without changing life itself; they are the modes in which life itself, together with the necessity to which it is bound, makes itself felt. For mortals, the “easy life of the gods” would be a lifeless life.
Wondering Whom to Read Next?
- Martin Heidegger German Existential Philosopher
- Immanuel Kant Prussian German Philosopher
- Erich Fromm German Social Philosopher
- Friedrich Nietzsche German Philosopher, Scholar
- Adolf Hitler German Fascist Dictator
- Roland Barthes French Literary Theorist
- Moses Mendelssohn German Jewish Philosopher
- Arthur Schopenhauer German Philosopher
- Albert Einstein German-born Theoretical Physicist
- Friedrich Schiller German Poet